There are different types of depression- and oftentimes depression doesn't feel or look like sadness or tearfulness.
Symptoms caused by major depression can vary from person to person. Some features of depression include:
Anxious distress — depression with unusual restlessness or worry about possible events or loss of control
Mixed features — simultaneous depression and mania, which includes elevated self-esteem, talking too much and increased energy
Melancholic features — severe depression with lack of response to something that used to bring pleasure and associated with early morning awakening, worsened mood in the morning, major changes in appetite, and feelings of guilt, agitation or sluggishness
Atypical features — depression that includes the ability to temporarily be cheered by happy events, increased appetite, excessive need for sleep, sensitivity to rejection, and a heavy feeling in the arms or legs
Psychotic features — depression accompanied by delusions or hallucinations, which may involve personal inadequacy or other negative themes
Catatonia — depression that includes motor activity that involves either uncontrollable and purposeless movement or fixed and inflexible posture
Peripartum onset — depression that occurs during pregnancy or in the weeks or months after delivery (postpartum)
Seasonal pattern — depression related to changes in seasons and reduced exposure to sunlight
Other disorders may have features of depression along with other features:
Bipolar I and II disorders. These mood disorders include mood swings that range from highs (mania) to lows (depression). It's sometimes difficult to distinguish between bipolar disorder and depression.
Cyclothymic disorder. Cyclothymic (sy-kloe-THIE-mik) disorder involves highs and lows that are milder than those of bipolar disorder.
Disruptive mood dysregulation disorder. This mood disorder in children includes chronic and severe irritability and anger with frequent extreme temper outbursts. This disorder typically develops into depressive disorder or anxiety disorder during the teen years or adulthood.
Persistent depressive disorder. Sometimes called dysthymia (dis-THIE-me-uh), this is a less severe but more chronic form of depression. While it's usually not disabling, persistent depressive disorder can prevent you from functioning normally in your daily routine and from living life to its fullest.
Premenstrual dysphoric disorder. This involves depression symptoms associated with hormone changes that begin a week before and improve within a few days after the onset of your period, and are minimal or gone after completion of your period.
Other depression disorders. This includes depression that's caused by the use of recreational drugs, some prescribed medications or another medical condition.
Depression can be treated in many different ways. Typically, this includes a combination of psychotherapy and medication support services. To treat depression, we use a combination of:
Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
Dialectical behavioral Therapy
Psychodynamic and Relational Therapy
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